What is MERS?

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory disease caused by a coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause diseases ranging from the common cold to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

How does it spread?

The virus is primarily spread through airborne and droplet transmission.

MERS-CoV has spread from ill people to others through close contact, such as caring for or living with an infected person. Infected people have spread MERS-CoV to others in healthcare settings such as hospitals. It is uncertain where the virus came from.

However, it is likely to have come from an animal source. Camels and bats have been implicated as natural reservoir for the virus. Amidst the rising fear and unrest, it is reassuring to know that the virus has not been behaving differently. It is direct transmission and not sustained human-to-human-transmission. Cases are all related to the same person who came traveling from the Middle East.


By taking everyday preventive actions:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, and help young children do the same. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid personal contact, such as kissing, or sharing cups or eating utensils, with sick people.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects, such as doorknobs


  • Fever. Take your temperature twice a day.
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Other early symptoms to watch for are chills, body aches, sore throat, headache, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, and runny nose.

MERS Virus

The source of the MERS-CoV is not yet fully clear. A coronavirus very similar to the one found in humans has been isolated from camels in Egypt, Oman, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia. . It is possible that other reservoirs exist. However, other animals, including goats, cows, sheep, water buffalo, swine, and wild birds, have been tested for MERS‐CoV, but so far none have been found in these animals. These studies combined support the premise that dromedary camels are a likely source of infection in humans.

How do we prevent infections by using clean air system?

Poiema clean air system is powered by TPA technology which uses the patented electrodes to generate an unique electrical field, which traps pollutants and common allergens to continuously create fresh and clean air. TPA will eliminate airborne threats over a wide size range, as small as 0.02 microns.